The Strategic Policy of Islamic Republic Iran: Implication on Geopolitics of Persian Gulf during the Post-Islamic Revolution Era


  • Muhammad Akram Zaheer Lecturer in International Relations, Informatics Group of Colleges Arifwala


Geopolitics, Strategic Policy, Defense Strategy, Hard-Power, Soft-Power, Implications


Islamic Republic Iran has been pursuing a balanced strategic policy to ensure its survival since the Islamic Revolution in 1979. Post-revolution Iran adopted a pragmatic approach in her foreign policy while securing her ideological considerations not only to protect her national interest but also to project her raw source of power. It is commonly assumed that Iran is in a complicated and delicate geopolitical situation. Iran occupies a significant position in the Persian Gulf region due to its geographical location and natural reservoirs. To seek international prestige and restore a sense of greatness, Iran is managing its influence and evolution in the region by the use of both soft power and hard power tools. Therefore, small states of the Persian Gulf are worried that Iran is enhancing its soft and hard power capabilities. While the romance of the United States and the Arab States of the Persian Gulf is also concerning to the Islamic Republic of Iran. To maintain strategic balance and hegemony in the region by itself, Tehran has adopted a considerable strategy of using public diplomacy to promote its soft power and designed it to portray its image on the regional canvas and the other tools of enhancing hard power to maintain equilibrium in the region. The paper analyzes the soft power and hard power of Iranian strategic policy towards the Persian Gulf Region in light of its geopolitical concerns and constraints. It also traces the Islamic Republic of Iran’s policy for strategic and pragmatic purposes in the region and its implications on the geopolitics of the Persian Gulf. The research methodology of the paper is descriptive-analytical and most of the data is collected from secondary sources.


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