Iran’s Geopolitical Influence in the Persian Gulf: The Consequences of its Post-Islamic Revolution Strategic Policy



Geopolitics, Strategic Policy, Defense Strategy, Hard-Power, Soft-Power, Implications


Since the Islamic Revolution in 1979, the Islamic Republic of Iran has deftly pursued a nuanced and balanced strategic policy aimed at ensuring its long-term survival. This post-revolutionary Iran has adopted a pragmatic foreign policy approach, skillfully harmonizing its ideological underpinnings with the imperatives of safeguarding national interests and projecting its intrinsic sources of power. Iran’s geopolitical situation is often characterized as intricate and delicate, given its pivotal location and rich natural resources in the Persian Gulf region.

To bolster its international standing and recapture a sense of historical eminence, Iran has orchestrated a deliberate management of its influence and evolution in the region, employing a multifaceted combination of both soft power and hard power instruments. Consequently, the smaller states in the Persian Gulf harbor concerns over Iran's expanding capabilities in both soft and hard power. Concurrently, the burgeoning alliance between the United States and the Arab States of the Persian Gulf is a source of apprehension for the Islamic Republic of Iran.

In its quest to maintain strategic equilibrium and exert regional hegemony independently, Tehran has artfully devised a comprehensive strategy. This strategy involves the strategic use of public diplomacy to enhance its soft power, which is aimed at projecting its image onto the regional canvas, and the astute utilization of various tools to bolster its hard power, thereby upholding equilibrium within the region.

This paper undertakes a meticulous examination of the interplay between Iran's soft power and hard power in the context of its strategic policy vis-à-vis the Persian Gulf region, all while considering the array of geopolitical concerns and constraints that shape its actions. Additionally, it traces the Islamic Republic of Iran's regional policy, which is marked by strategic pragmatism, and evaluates its ramifications on the geopolitical dynamics of the Persian Gulf. The research methodology employed herein is primarily descriptive-analytical, with a substantial reliance on secondary sources for data acquisition.


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