Countering Climate Change in Abkhazia, Georgia and Pakistan: A Critical Study


  • Andria Apakidze Research Associate at the Young Women for Change in the Caucasus (YWCC), Tbilisi Office (Georgia)


Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Program, Climate Change, Water Crisis, Pakistan, Non-Traditional Security Threat, Mitigation


In this erudite discourse, a comparative study is going to be conducted about the collaborative initiatives orchestrated by Abkhazia, Georgia and Pakistan in their concerted pursuit of environmental preservation. Through a thorough and comprehensive investigation, we intricately examine the eco-activism unfolding in Abkhazia, the fervent endeavors propelled by the Georgian government’s National Forest Plantation Program, and the ambitious Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Program in Pakistan. These interwoven initiatives are strategically devised to grapple with the multifaceted challenges stemming from climate change and water scarcity. Of particular significance is the Ten Billion Trees Tsunami Program, a resolute response to unconventional security threats, aiming to sow ten billion trees over a quinquennial period in regions susceptible to deforestation and aridity. The program’s overarching objectives encompass the augmentation of forested lands, amelioration of water availability, mitigation of soil erosion, and fortification of the nation’s environmental resilience. Furthermore, the program aspires to catalyze vocational opportunities for local communities and stimulate the burgeoning realm of eco-tourism. This erudite discourse systematically elucidates the pivotal objectives, implementation methodologies, and potential ramifications of the aforementioned initiatives, thereby underscoring their profound significance in addressing the pressing environmental challenges confronting these regions.


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